In that sense, investors and economists are right to trumpet this week’s gross domestic product report that showed China’s economy expanded a stronger-than-forecast 6.9 percent in the second quarter. Gaming revenue in Macau’s fabled VIP rooms has bounced back from a long period of negative growth between mid-2014 and the end of 2016. In the second quarter, gaming revenue from VIP players rose the most in three years, jumping 38 percent from a year earlier. That’s almost 27 percentage points more than the growth in the non-VIP, or mass customer, segment. This acceleration sends a strong signal that China’s old economy is not only back, but it’s booming.
Although officials have managed to steer China’s economy into a soft landing, the question is, at what cost? The reported GDP data for the first half of 2017 suggests that the three longtime engines of growth — construction, manufacturing and exports — remained key supports, buying the Chinese government time to enact structural reforms. Domestic consumption driven by the middle class, however, was stagnant, and leverage is high, which is why many, including the leadership in Beijing, are worried about the structural challenges facing China. During a two-day closed-door conference on financial regulation last week, China’s leadership sent a strong message to the market that deleveraging and strengthening regulatory oversight were the themes for the financial sector in the next five years. Immediately after, coincidentally, the government cut off some funding for Dalian Wanda Group’s overseas acquisitions because of concern that the company is too highly levered.
The housing market may hold the key to where China’s economy is headed. Other than housing, there are few investment options available to most Chinese citizens, which helps explain why home prices keep rising, despite the government’s efforts to contain the speculative frenzy. It can be said that home buyers have developed a sort of psychological resilience to more restrictive policies, even viewing them as “buy signals.” Because it’s becoming more difficult to buy and sell in the more tightly regulated markets, speculative buyers are moving into the smaller cities surrounding the large cities.